Home» News» News» People»


DEC . 25 2019
Editor’s Note: This story is part of a series of articles celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Each article shines the spotlight on one PKUer who has made remarkable contributions to China’s recent development, highlighting not only the importance of their individual accomplishments, but also the significant impact Peking University has had on China’s development over the past 70 years.

Ji Xianlin, a Chinese historian and Indologist who received high honor and awards from the governments of China and India, remains an outstanding icon in the community of intelligentsia. However, his contribution to knowledge, unsurpassable and unparalleled, earned himself more than ever-lasting academic reputation. People remember him not only as a professor and scholar, but also as a philosopher of great importance who motivated the young generation to reflect on the development of knowledge and encouraged them to devote themselves to the growth of society.

Ji Xianlin

East or west, home is the best

Born in 1911 in Linqing, Shandong, an impoverished province, Ji Xianlin or 季羡林 (his Chinese name), was the only son in his family. So destitute that Ji’s parents couldn’t even support their only child with noodles and salt, but determined that they should let him receive proper education. At the age of six, Ji Xianlin was sent to one of his uncles who settled down in Jinan, the capital and the largest city in Shandong province, in order to go to school. Ji saw his mother again only once for a funeral, and then another time at her own funeral when he was a college student at the Department of Western literatures (Today’s Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures) at Tsinghua University.

In 1935, one year after his graduation from Tsinghua University, Ji boarded a train from Peiping to Manchuria, which was at that time occupied by the Japanese. He then travelled the Trans-Siberian Railway across the Soviet Union, a government he resented on account of the issue of the independence of Outer Mongolia. He eventually disembarked in Berlin, and arrived at the University of Göttingen where he started to study languages of ancient India: Sanskrit, Pali, and Tokharian.

Ji Xianlin (left) with his classmate in Germany

In Göttingen, not only did he study three rare ancient Indian languages, but also Arabic, Russian, Serbian, Croatian, and literature. Ji’s sojourn in Germany was during the catastrophic WWII, but thanks to his observant eyes, he left with a profound understanding of the irrevocable impact a long-lasting and unnecessary war could have. He would carry with him the memory of an irrational and violent society under Hitler’s Nazi rule. Ji was desperately longing to return to China, on the one hand, hoping to escape the disastrous war and Germany’s dim future on the brink of surrender. On the other hand, Ji was itching to bring back what he had learnt in Göttingen to advance China’s development.

After obtaining his Ph.D., through the assistance of Chen Yinque, a remarkably prominent historian, Ji was introduced to Peking University, and flew back from Germany to become director of the Department of Eastern Languages and Literatures.

Although Ji's own study mainly focused on the languages of ancient India, world literature, the gradual development of Buddhism, and Sino-Indian relations, he was sincerely selfless and diligently devoted to furthering the performance of other specialties. In 1949 when the People’s Republic of China was founded, Ji received a personal letter written by Qiao Guanhua, who was Chinese foreign minister from 1974 to 1976. In the letter, Qiao touched upon the possible coalescence of different departments of universities in Nanjing under the coordination of PKU Department of Eastern Languages and Literatures. Qiao also said that, with the sociopolitical atmosphere changed and diplomatic situation altered, the nation was in desperate need of scholars whose expertise would aid the PRC on issues related to East Asia, better if they have an outstanding command of languages.

From then on Ji didn't take a day off, and assiduously started to arrange for new teachers dormitories and food, transportation and education plans, even welcoming in person these newcomers at the station.


Ji Xianlin at Peking University

Burgeoning development under Ji’s leadership

As the director of the Department of Eastern Languages and Literatures at Peking University, Ji immersed himself in this laborious job. At a time when food was in scarcity, cash in shortage, and professors were paid in foxtail millet, Ji was so successful that the department’s number of people soared dramatically from no more than ten in 1946, to the biggest department at Peking University in 1952. In addition to increasing the size of the department, the quality improved enormously as well, on account of the fact that Ji and Hu Shih, who took up the post of president of Peking University in 1946, together invited numerous intellectuals who had studied abroad. At that time, if people studied abroad, especially in the U.K, France, Germany, the Soviet Union, and the United States, they were usually exceptionally brilliant, since it took great perseverance to overcome challenges brought by poverty and war to attain scant national scholarship.

Ji hoped that these professors would impart as much of their knowledge as possible to students, and Ji had an additional obligatory task for them: English. Although the department engaged in the research of East Asian languages and literature, even providing chances to study rare languages, such as Sanskrit, Pali, Mongolian, and Tibetan, Ji was a fervent advocate for English. He once said, “I demand students who study Eastern languages to study English as well, a principle in which I persist. There is no chance that one can never study English. Being solely dependent on Eastern languages does not work.”

Due to Ji’s persistence since he was elected as vice president of Peking University in 1978, the department flourished with great academic performance, producing scholars and experts in great multitude and publishing a considerable number of history-related books and dictionaries. Ji described the year 1978 as a momentous watershed. He said before 1978, the intelligentsia doing academic research can only believe, because they cannot think, they are not allowed to think, dare not think for thirty years. Following the implementation of the policy of Reform and Opening-up in 1978, scholars can think more freely and independently, leading to the active exchanges of different thoughts in the academia, Ji added.

In 1978, not only did Ji become vice president of Peking University, he also assumed the duty of the director of the Graduate School of South Asian Studies whilst still leading the Department of Eastern Languages and Literatures. Although Ji was heavily burdened with conferences, he continually dedicated himself to the affairs at Peking University. Ji was so wholehearted that once when he was lying on his bed the telephone rang, “Vice President Ji, water is running out at our building…please respond as soon as possible!”

Ji was considerably admired by his students, and was such a modest character. Once upon a time, a student mistook him as a custodian and gave him luggage to carry, to which Ji attended to. It was scorching that day. The student came back and found Ji, who he still didn’t recognize as vice president, reading and waiting for him at ease. The day after, when the student realized at the opening ceremony, the vice president who was speaking on stage was exactly the man who had helped him with his luggage yesterday, he was more than surprised.

Ji Xianlin outside Peking University Library

A strong advocate for patriotism

What motivated Ji's love for his students was his desire to see the next generation of China, in his own words, “bear the responsibility of the world”, and to be patriotic since, “patriotism is what we need the most”. Ji dedicated his whole life, patriotically and selflessly, to ancient Indian languages and to the Sino-Indian relations, which led to his undisputed fame as a linguist and Indologist.

After Ji passed away on July 11, 2009 in Beijing, former Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, paid an official visit to his cremation to show a state-level homage. Former Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, also expressed his condolence to Wen, stating that “Ji was one of the most famous In-dologists in the world. Ji is a knowledgeable scholar on Buddhism and the 1,000-year-old history of India-China cultural exchanges. Ji played a key role in boosting China’s understanding of the Indian culture. Ji’s death made India lose a true friend and an outstanding person advocating the continu-ing development of the bilateral ties that have lasted for thousands of years.
Written by: Chen Ching-Shan
Edited by: Ciara Morris, Huang Weijian

小v视频app下载污 Copyright tx_-1 tx_lh15 c_tx0"> © 2015 Peking University
Peking University, No.5 Yiheyuan Road Haidian District, Beijing, P.R.China 100871
京公网安备 110402430047 号
芭乐ios免费下载 大小姐直播app下载安装 朵朵直播ios免费下载 福利直播app下载安装 美梦视频app下载安装 恋人直播下载app视频污版 九尾狐视频下载app视频污版 蜜桃ios免费下载 红高粱直播下载app视频污版 压寨直播app下载污 小喵直播ios免费下载 成版人音色短视频ios免费下载 微啪ios免费下载 云上花app下载安装 含羞草视频app下载安装 秀色小抖音app下载安装 丝瓜草莓视频app下载安装 卖肉直播app下载安装 内裤直播ios免费下载 黄瓜直播app下载安装 木瓜ios免费下载 秋葵视频下载app视频污版 成版人抖音富二代app下载污 卡哇伊直播ios免费下载 花姬app下载安装 灭火卫视app下载安装 樱花ios免费下载 夏娃直播app下载污 野花视频ios免费下载 7秒鱼ios免费下载 荔枝ios免费下载 火辣直播app下载安装 本色视频下载app视频污版 木瓜视频ios免费下载 快喵ios免费下载 红娘直播ios免费下载 Kitty直播ios免费下载 番茄社区app下载安装 咪哒app下载安装 猫咪软件ios免费下载 茶馆视频app下载污 福利直播app下载安装 千层浪直播app下载安装 欢喜视频下载app视频污版 欢喜视频ios免费下载 葡萄视频ios免费下载 火爆社区app下载安装 主播福利app下载安装 云上花直播app下载安装 快狐app下载污 小v视频ios免费下载 灭火卫视app下载污 乐购直播app下载安装 福利直播ios免费下载 一对一直播app下载安装 夜狼直播app下载安装 丝瓜视频污app下载污 七仙女直播app下载安装 九尾狐视频ios免费下载 bobo直播ios免费下载 好嗨哟直播ios免费下载 A头条ios免费下载 草榴短视频下载app视频污版 云上花直播app下载安装 午夜直播app下载安装 花粥直播ios免费下载 么么直播app下载安装 米老鼠直播ios免费下载 鲍鱼视频app下载污 粉色ios免费下载 向日葵视频ios免费下载 繁花直播ios免费下载 米老鼠直播app下载安装 茄子直播app下载污 七秒鱼ios免费下载 金鱼直播app下载安装 夜猫视频ios免费下载 小蝌蚪app下载安装 迷雾直播下载app视频污版 花姬直播app下载安装 小姐姐直播app下载安装 小宝贝直播ios免费下载 小怪兽ios免费下载 成人直播ios免费下载 暗夜直播app下载安装 香蜜直播ios免费下载 月光直播app下载安装 橙子直播ios免费下载 硬汉视频app下载污 套路直播ios免费下载 小公主直播app下载安装 可乐视频app下载安装 月亮视频下载app视频污版 彩云直播app下载安装 遇见直播app下载安装 梦幻直播app下载安装 九尾狐直播app下载安装 后宫视频ios免费下载 猛虎视频ios免费下载 菠萝蜜视频app下载安装 粉色app下载安装 朵朵直播ios免费下载 蓝精灵直播ios免费下载 含羞草视频ios免费下载 蓝颜app下载安装 Avboboapp下载安装 云上花app下载污 花姿ios免费下载 小奶猫下载app视频污版 咪咪直播ios免费下载 花心直播ios免费下载 丝瓜app下载安装 91直播app下载污 快播破解下载app视频污版 Huluwaios免费下载 成版人快手app下载安装 水晶直播ios免费下载 微杏ios免费下载 猫咪视频ios免费下载 Kitty直播ios免费下载 木瓜ios免费下载 bobo直播ios免费下载 恋人直播下载app视频污版 樱桃视频下载app视频污版 泡泡直播下载app视频污版 月亮视频app下载安装 lutubeapp下载污 花姿直播app下载安装 红杏视频ios免费下载 烟花巷app下载安装 台湾swagios免费下载 health2app下载安装 豆奶视频app下载安装 花心社区下载app视频污版 免费黃色直播ios免费下载 盘他ios免费下载 秀色直播app下载安装 冈本app下载安装 蜜桃直播ios免费下载 小喵直播app下载安装 水果视频下载app视频污版 迷雾直播下载app视频污版 朵朵直播app下载安装 蜜桃下载app视频污版 秋葵视频app下载安装 望月直播app下载安装 欢喜视频app下载安装 薰衣草直播ios免费下载 樱桃直播app下载安装 七秒鱼ios免费下载 食色ios免费下载 茶馆视频ios免费下载 梦幻直播ios免费下载 直播盒子ios免费下载 荔枝ios免费下载 青草视频ios免费下载 花心下载app视频污版 梦鹿直播ios免费下载 蝶恋花app下载安装 恋人直播app下载安装 樱桃直播app下载安装 向日葵视频app下载安装 千层浪下载app视频污版 灭火卫视ios免费下载 小狐仙直播ios免费下载 迷雾直播下载app视频污版 香草成视频人app下载污 卡哇伊ios免费下载 七秒鱼直播下载app视频污版 桃花直播ios免费下载 圣女直播app下载污 污直播ios免费下载 黄瓜直播app下载安装 抖阴视频app下载安装 夜遇直播号app下载安装 香蕉app下载安装 望月直播ios免费下载 金鱼直播下载app视频污版 迷雾直播下载app视频污版 久草app下载污 名优馆ios免费下载 秀色直播下载app视频污版 茶馆视频app下载安装 小公主直播下载app视频污版 雨燕直播ios免费下载 BB直播app下载安装 香蜜直播app下载安装 番茄社区app下载安装 91香蕉视频下载app视频污版 遇见直播下载app视频污版 七秒鱼app下载污 享爱直播ios免费下载 水果视频下载app视频污版 小小影视app下载安装 享爱直播app下载安装 69热app下载污 咪哒app下载安装 骚虎直播app下载安装 盘她ios免费下载 一对一直播app下载安装 盘她ios免费下载 小姐姐直播下载app视频污版 主播福利app下载安装 蜜柚app下载安装 咪哒直播app下载安装 黄瓜app下载安装 小蝌蚪下载app视频污版 豆奶app下载安装 health2ios免费下载 IAVBOBOapp下载安装 酷咪直播ios免费下载 快狐短视频ios免费下载 茄子下载app视频污版 午夜直播app下载安装 富二代短视频app下载安装 萝卜视频app下载污 快喵ios免费下载 葫芦娃视频下载app视频污版 浪浪视频app下载安装 恋人直播ios免费下载 秀色小抖音ios免费下载 69热app下载污 樱桃视频app下载安装 内裤直播ios免费下载 花姿直播下载app视频污版 橙子视频ios免费下载 小宝贝直播app下载安装 千层浪直播app下载安装 小姐姐直播app下载安装 内裤直播ios免费下载 宅男之家app下载安装 91香蕉视频下载app视频污版 黄鱼视频app下载污 初恋直播下载app视频污版 小怪兽app下载安装 西瓜直播ios免费下载 Huluwaapp下载安装 蝶恋花直播app下载安装 米老鼠直播app下载安装 麻豆传媒直播app下载安装 豆奶短视频ios免费下载 蓝颜app下载安装 樱花app下载安装 酷咪直播app下载安装 蜜桃直播ios免费下载 比心ios免费下载 薰衣草直播ios免费下载 猫咪视频app下载安装 趣播app下载安装 久草视频ios免费下载 欢喜视频ios免费下载 最污直播ios免费下载 6房间视频直播app下载安装 爱爱视频app下载安装 依恋直播app下载安装 香蜜直播app下载安装 暗夜直播ios免费下载 茶馆视频app下载污 硬汉视频ios免费下载 大番号下载app视频污版 茄子app下载安装 西瓜直播下载app视频污版 黄瓜ios免费下载 可乐视频ios免费下载 冈本视频下载app视频污版 卡哇伊直播ios免费下载 Kitty直播app下载污 JAV名优馆ios免费下载 蜜桃ios免费下载 小米粒直播app下载污 月亮视频ios免费下载 草莓直播ios免费下载 香草成视频人app下载污 年轻人片app下载污 欢喜视频ios免费下载 蚪音ios免费下载 草莓ios免费下载 橘子直播ios免费下载 夜巴黎直播ios免费下载 月色直播ios免费下载 91视频app下载安装 野花视频app下载安装 丝瓜草莓视频ios免费下载 花椒直播app下载安装 香草视频ios免费下载 7秒鱼直播ios免费下载 大菠萝ios免费下载 水仙直播ios免费下载 草莓app下载安装 咪哒直播ios免费下载 花样视频ios免费下载 本色视频app下载安装 成版人音色短视频app下载污 一对一直播app下载安装 夜巴黎直播ios免费下载 橙子直播ios免费下载 西瓜直播ios免费下载 香蕉直播app下载安装 草榴短视频ios免费下载 水晶直播ios免费下载 ML聚合直播app下载污 合欢视频app下载安装 享爱app下载安装 月光直播下载app视频污版 大番号ios免费下载 火辣直播ios免费下载 花狐狸直播下载app视频污版 小蝌蚪app下载安装 盘她s直播app下载安装 柚子直播ios免费下载 水蜜桃ios免费下载 91香蕉视频ios免费下载 荔枝app下载安装 黄瓜视频下载app视频污版 水蜜桃app下载安装 BB直播下载app视频污版 麻豆传媒映画ios免费下载 MM直播app下载污 雨燕直播ios免费下载 香草视频ios免费下载 抖阴视频ios免费下载 彩色直播ios免费下载 粉色ios免费下载 69热app下载污 樱桃视频下载app视频污版 硬汉视频app下载安装 压寨直播app下载污 樱桃视频ios免费下载 秋葵视频下载app视频污版 小狐仙直播app下载安装 丝瓜视频污app下载安装 后宫视频ios免费下载 猛虎视频ios免费下载 s8视频ios免费下载 草鱼app下载安装 小喵直播下载app视频污版 老王视频app下载安装 美岁直播app下载安装 火爆社区ios免费下载 樱花视频下载app视频污版 草莓ios免费下载 草莓ios免费下载 蜜桃直播app下载安装 s8视频app下载污 冈本视频下载app视频污版 fi11含羞草app下载污 压寨直播ios免费下载 青青草ios免费下载 6房间视频直播ios免费下载 成版人茄子视频ios免费下载 茄子直播ios免费下载 美梦视频app下载污 蜜橙视频app下载安装 青青草ios免费下载 春水堂视频app下载安装 丝瓜视频污ios免费下载 幸福宝app下载污 樱桃视频下载app视频污版 小米粒直播app下载污 黄瓜视频app下载安装 橙子直播下载app视频污版 主播福利app下载安装 美岁直播ios免费下载 月光直播app下载安装 梦幻直播app下载安装 可乐视频app下载安装 香草视频下载app视频污版 富二代ios免费下载 烟花巷app下载安装 番茄社区ios免费下载 葡萄视频ios免费下载 迷雾直播ios免费下载 豌豆直播ios免费下载 桃花直播ios免费下载 小奶狗视频app下载安装 黄瓜视频ios免费下载 小草莓下载app视频污版 香草成视频人app下载污 性福宝app下载安装 BB直播ios免费下载 么么直播ios免费下载 9uuios免费下载 盘他ios免费下载 烟花直播app下载安装 欢喜视频ios免费下载 福利直播ios免费下载 牛牛视频ios免费下载 小奶狗视频下载app视频污版 swag台湾app下载安装 红颜app下载安装 成版人短视频app下载安装 铁牛视频app下载安装 小猪视频app下载安装 初恋直播ios免费下载 九尾狐直播app下载安装 快猫短视频app下载污 雨云直播app下载安装 依恋直播app下载安装 依恋直播ios免费下载 宅男之家下载app视频污版 黄瓜视频人下载app视频污版 杏吧直播ios免费下载 本色视频app下载安装 花秀神器ios免费下载 小怪兽ios免费下载 春水堂视频下载app视频污版 草鱼app下载安装 杏趣直播下载app视频污版 小宝贝直播app下载安装 彩云直播下载app视频污版 红高粱直播app下载安装 美梦视频app下载污 十里桃花直播下载app视频污版 春水堂app下载安装 MM直播ios免费下载 茄子直播app下载安装 考拉直播app下载安装 幸福宝app下载污 麻豆视频app下载安装 暗夜直播app下载安装 粉色视频ios免费下载 千层浪视频ios免费下载 直播盒子app下载安装 茄子视频app下载安装 乐购直播app下载安装 iavboboapp下载安装 快播破解ios免费下载 含羞草下载app视频污版 卡哇伊ios免费下载 富二代f2短视频ios免费下载 葫芦娃ios免费下载 菠萝蜜视频ios免费下载 花姿app下载污 探花直播ios免费下载 91直播ios免费下载 免费黃色直播ios免费下载 木瓜视频app下载安装 金鱼直播ios免费下载 抖阴ios免费下载 冈本ios免费下载 大小姐直播ios免费下载 尤蜜app下载污 水晶直播ios免费下载 橘子视频app下载安装 妖妖直播app下载安装 后宫视频ios免费下载 食色短视频app下载安装 音色短视频app下载安装 柠檬视频ios免费下载 享爱app下载安装 小喵直播下载app视频污版 花心视频下载app视频污版 番茄社区ios免费下载 月色直播下载app视频污版 彩云直播app下载安装 享爱ios免费下载 樱花雨直播app下载污 ML聚合直播ios免费下载 兔子直播app下载安装 圣女直播ios免费下载 尤蜜视频app下载污 草榴视频ios免费下载 烟花直播app下载安装 尤蜜ios免费下载 红高粱直播ios免费下载 草鱼app下载安装 水晶直播ios免费下载 陌秀直播ios免费下载 千层浪下载app视频污版 冈本视频下载app视频污版 菠萝蜜视频ios免费下载 月夜直播下载app视频污版 小优ios免费下载 尤蜜视频app下载污 棉花糖直播ios免费下载 冈本视频ios免费下载 野花视频下载app视频污版 浪浪视频app下载安装 BB直播app下载安装 花心社区下载app视频污版 蜜橙视频app下载安装 小怪兽直播app下载安装 BB直播app下载安装 主播大秀app下载安装 香草视频下载app视频污版 富二代f2抖音app下载污 泡泡直播下载app视频污版 性福宝ios免费下载 月亮视频ios免费下载 七秒鱼app下载污 美岁直播app下载安装 爱爱视频ios免费下载 快播破解app下载安装 小奶猫下载app视频污版 久草app下载污 秋葵视频app下载安装 Kitty直播app下载污 大象视频app下载污 快播破解下载app视频污版 好嗨哟直播app下载污 红高粱直播下载app视频污版 鲍鱼视频ios免费下载 91香蕉ios免费下载 杏趣直播下载app视频污版 左手视频app下载污 久草视频app下载安装 小蝌蚪视频app下载安装 蜜桃直播app下载安装 遇见直播ios免费下载 恋人直播下载app视频污版 向日葵app下载安装 左手视频app下载污